Extraordinary artists such as Giotto, Cimabue, Giovanni Boccaccio and Francesco Petrarca changed the rules of perspective and painting, literature and poetry, while Dante Alighieri began to use the Tuscan dialect instead of Latin in his works. The Italian language was about to born. Among the cities of the period, one took over: the city of Florence. Florence has been the cradle of the Italian Renaissance, a cultural mouvement that changed the perspective on things in Italy and later in Europe. In XV century AD, the Medici family consolidated the power over the city, inaugurating a period of splendor.