Tuscany Guide: The Cradle Of Renaissence

Discover The Most Sought After Region Of Italy
Everyone in the world knows Tuscany: the amazing countryside, the food, the culture, the beaches… This unique region is one of the best-loved Italian destinations by locals and travelers alike. It blends outstanding natural beauty with cultural gems such as the art cities of Florence, Arezzo and Siena. Add in the delicious regional specialities of truffle and local wines, the unbeatable history and architecture, the beautiful coastline, and you have a paradise for lovers of Italy. Discover the golden sands of the coast in summer, explore the pretty countryside as it flowers in spring and experience the magic of Florence in winter. Travel from vineyard to vineyard through the countryside of Chianti and Montalcino, stopping for exclusive tastings of wine and olive oil. Lose yourself in the wild landscape of the Apuan Alps and the forests of Casentinesi. Stroll through the winding streets of medieval towns and fall in love with the beauty of Tuscany. You could spend a lifetime exploring Tuscany. Renaissance art, cathedrals and hamlets add to the varied landscape. This region has beaches, mountains, islands and forests. Make your holiday action-packed with hiking, biking, horse riding and even skiing. Tuscany is also perfect for art, wine and food lovers, or those looking for a romantic getaway. Wherever you choose to explore, the people of Tuscany are famous for their warmth, so you’ll be welcomed like a local.
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Getting there
Tuscany has two international airports: Amerigo Vespucci International Airport in Florence and Galileo Galilei International Airport in Pisa. But you can also fly to Rome or Milan and reach Tuscany by train or by car. The region is well connected and very easy to access.
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Moving Aroud
Tuscany is the perfect region for those who travel by car. It is well connected to the other regions with highways and crossed by dozens of streets that gently bend across the rolling hills of the countryside. Its many art cities and ravishing villages are ideal for day trips.
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Geography
Tuscany stretches from the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas, to the Apennines mountains in the North. Off the coast, the Tuscan Archipelago extends with the islands of Elba, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri. Much of the region is hilly.
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Climate
Tuscany enjoys mild weather. The coast has a Mediterranean climate. Inland regions have a less temperate climate, with higher fluctuations and slightly lower temperatures. A curiosity: Tuscany is the Italian region with the greatest amount of daylight.

Top 5 Things To Do In Tuscany

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Culture
There is a common place in Italy, that the Italian culture comes from Tuscany. The Italian Renaissance happened here and the Italian language comes from this land. Tuscany has among the highest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites among all the Italian regions (the 6 Tuscan sites are Florence, Pisa, Siena, San Gimignan, Pienza and the Val d’Orcia). Have a look at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, discover San Gimignano, the town of towers, or watch the traditional Palio di Siena. From the antique towns of Maremma to the paintings of Piero della Francesca in Arezzo, Tuscany is a heaven for the think traveller.
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Nature Wonders
Tuscany boasts one of the most beautiful countryside in the world, ideal for hiking, horse riding and cycling. The Val D’Orcia, the only naturalistic site listed by UNESCO in Tuscany, the countryside of Chianti and Montalcino, crossed by wine routes, and Maremma Toscana, with the hills that slope down to the sea, are just some of the natural destinations in the region. Tuscany offers also a very diverse coast, with stretches of sandy beach and scenic rocky bays. You can do kitesurf in Talamone, dive in the crystal clear waters of Argentario or just be lazy on an exclusive sandy beach in Forte dei Marmi.
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Food
Let’s begin with bread, typically unsalted, an ingredient that you will find in many traditional receipts – such as panzanella, ribollita, acquacotta and pappa al pomodoro. Tuscan meet is delicious. Try the cinta senese from pigs bred in the wild in the area of Siena and marked with a white band around the neck. The chianina and maremmana meets are another speciality. Among cheeses, the best known is Tuscan pecorino, especially the one from Pienza. Siena is the city of traditional sweets, as Panforte and the Soup of the Duke (better known as Tiramisu).
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Culture
There is a common place in Italy, that the Italian culture comes from Tuscany. The Italian Renaissance happened here and the Italian language comes from this land. Tuscany has among the highest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites among all the Italian regions (the 6 Tuscan sites are Florence, Pisa, Siena, San Gimignan, Pienza and the Val d’Orcia). Have a look at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, discover San Gimignano, the town of towers, or watch the traditional Palio di Siena. From the antique towns of Maremma to the paintings of Piero della Francesca in Arezzo, Tuscany is a heaven for the think traveller.

Top 5 Unesco World Heritage

A Short History of Tuscany

The history of Tuscany begins in the second millennium BC, when a primitive population lived in villages built on stilts. But the first people who made his entry into the big history is the Etruscans. The Etruscans flourished in the tenth century BC, and were finally absorbed by the Roman civilization in the first century BC. Etruscans built streets, necropolis – like Tarquinia – and cities – like Arezzo, Chiusi, Volterra, Vetulonia and Roselle. They traded with the Greeks, built ceramics and worshiped a pantheon of deities. They reclaimed wetlands and they made wars to establish their supremacy in the Italian peninsula.
Today you can visit the ruins of the Etruscans cities and necropolis especially in Maremma Toscana. The Etruscans lost power due to the arrival of the Romans. After them, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantines and the Lombards dominated the area. In the Middle Ages Tuscan municipalities flourished. Magnificent squares, cathedrals and palaces were built in Pisa, Lucca, Siena and Florence. The typical villages protected by walls appeared in the countryside. New social experiments took place – people were able to participate to the power and enjoyed economic and cultural autonomy.
Extraordinary artists such as Giotto, Cimabue, Giovanni Boccaccio and Francesco Petrarca changed the rules of perspective and painting, literature and poetry, while Dante Alighieri began to use the Tuscan dialect instead of Latin in his works. The Italian language was about to born. Among the cities of the period, one took over: the city of Florence. Florence has been the cradle of the Italian Renaissance, a cultural mouvement that changed the perspective on things in Italy and later in Europe. In XV century AD, the Medici family consolidated the power over the city, inaugurating a period of splendor.
The studies of the ancient classical culture flourished and the human being substituted God as center of interest. Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Botticelli and Donatello discovered and experimented new ways of doing art, while Niccolò Machiavelli elaborated his political theories. In XIX century Tuscany became an important centre of the Italian Resurgence, giving birth to one of the most relevant centers of the movement for the independence. Finally, during World War II Tuscans has been hardcore partisans against fascism. Today they are well known for their intelligence and sharp wit.