Trento lies in the beautiful alpine territory of Trentino-Alto Adige or Südtirol, in Northern Italy. It lies on the river Adige, from which the name comes. A Celtic tribe settled in Trento just before the Roman conquered it, naming the area Trent after their water god. The Romans then called it Tridentum, in honor of their god, Neptune, and also because of the three mountains that surround it (Tri Dent means three teeth in Latin).
Over the centuries, Trento has often been a center for culture, religion, and academia. Even today, its university is one of Italy’s most prestigious and excellent. Moreover, its castle, the Castello del Buonconsiglio, is one of Europe’s most famous. This is because it was the seat to many Prince Bishops, which were very frequent in Germany and a few other countries from the 11th-19th Century. At this point the area still belonged to Austria. In fact, much of the Hapsburg influence can still be seen today, not least in this structure. The castle is now a museum, and makes for an extremely interesting and educational visit.
The duomo of the town, the Cattedrale di San Vigilio, is beautiful though unfinished. You can tell by looking at its façade, which nonetheless is an important and delightful piece of architecture in the town. Within the center you will also found the Fontana del Nettuno, as well as many towers and charming medieval back streets. Visitors should also look out for the many frescoed palazzi that litter across the town
Today, Trento is a modern city and benefits from many modern systems. However, it is proud of its heritage and in no rush to forget it. Enjoy the juxtaposition of modernity and history in an unique environment. moreover, should the culture become to much, the surrounding Alpine landscapes hold many exciting activities. From hiking to mountain biking and mountaineering, with such a varied landscape there is little you cannot do!
Trento is the capital of Trentino, and so enjoys great connections. It is very easy to get to Trento by train from the rest of the region, as well as the rest of Italy. The nearest airport is Bolzano, though it is only for domestic flights. The nearest international airport is Verona’s Villafranca airport.