San Marino: Discovering the Luxurious Charm of Europe’s Serene Republic

san marino view

Embark on a journey to the enchanting land of San Marino, a hidden European treasure that beckons with its timeless allure. Often overshadowed by its grand neighbors, this serene republic offers an oasis of culture and history waiting to be explored.

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Have you ever yearned for an escape from the ordinary, desiring a destination steeped in rich heritage without the throngs of tourists?.

Nestled atop the rolling Apennine Mountains, San Marino isn’t just remarkable for its sweeping vistas – it’s revered as the world’s oldest surviving republic. A realm where ancient walls whisper tales of resilience and independence since AD 301.

Delve into this blog and uncover how San Marino’s majestic beauty and vibrant cultural tapestry can transform your travel aspirations into reality.

Let us guide you through quaint cobbled streets, reveal secrets behind medieval towers, and introduce flavors that will tantalize your palate. Your adventure awaits in these pages; come discover why this remarkable republic captures hearts effortlessly.

Geography of San Marino

Nestled in the embrace of the Apennine Mountains, San Marino’s verdant landscapes rise majestically, crowned by the three peaks of Monte Titano. Here, a temperate climate caresses ancient stones with whispers of history, inviting discerning souls to explore its serene beauty and timeless allure.


Perched atop the panoramic Mount Titano, San Marino is not just a testament to medieval fortitude but also an enclave of cultural splendor. Its strategic perch in Southern Europe reveals lush Italian landscapes from every vantage point, presenting itself as a jewel within Italy’s embrace.

In this serene highland setting, the City of San Marino crowns Monte Titano with time-honored elegance, beckoning travelers to explore its storied paths and revel in vistas that have watched over tales of liberty and resilience.

The Republic of San Marino boasts an enviable position at the heart of Italy country’s bucolic beauty. Here lies a haven for those who seek both solace and adventure amidst ancient stone walls that whisper age-old secrets.

The city glistens under Adriatic sunsets while Dogana spreads out as its largest canvas of daily life – truly an epitome where modernity meets heritage in harmonious accord.


Nestled high above the Adriatic coast, San Marino boasts a climate that is both gracious and temperate, appealing to those accustomed to the finer nuances of seasonal change. Its humid subtropical ambiance promises warm summers that capture the essence of Mediterranean leisure while maintaining an elegance unique to this elevated enclave.

As cool breezes drift through ancient stone pathways, visitors experience a refreshing reprieve from the summer heat, an invitation to indulge in serene afternoons under San Marino’s sun-kissed sky.

The country’s position within the Adriatic-Padan climate zone ensures winters are mild; they bring with them a dignified chill rather than biting cold—ideal for savoring a hot espresso on a palazzo terrace or partaking in strolls along historic trails dusted with frost.

Visitors find themselves enchanted by crisp mornings followed by pleasantly cool evenings wrapped in luxury and comfort. With each season unfurling a distinct tapestry of weather patterns and temperatures, San Marino’s climate perfectly complements its cultural tapestry and grand history awaiting exploration in the following chapters.

History of San Marino

Enveloped in the mists of time, San Marino’s history whispers tales of resilience and independence; a narrative commenced by Saint Marinus himself, who laid the foundation for this enduring republic.

As its sovereignty gracefully weaved through centuries, casting aside would-be conquerors with the subtle artistry only time-honored tradition can achieve, San Marino emerged unscathed—a testament to tenacious diplomacy amidst Europe’s storied tapestry.

Early History

San Marino’s tale begins with Saint Marinus, a skilled stonemason who sought refuge from religious persecution. His journey led him to Mount Titano, where he and his devout followers erected a modest yet steadfast Christian community in 301 AD.

This serene haven blossomed over the centuries, its narrative woven into the very fabric of European history.

Unearthed artifacts whisper of settlements long before St. Marinus’ time, tracing human presence back to the 5th century BC. The resilient spirit of these early inhabitants set the stage for San Marino’s enduring legacy as an emblem of liberty and self-governance amidst turbulent eras.

As we turn our gaze from this storied past toward the evolution of San Marino’s great and general council of governance, we encounter the Grand and General Council—a testament to their relentless pursuit of democratic ideals through time.

20th Century onwards

San Marino displayed remarkable social, cultural objects and political trends and acumen for italian itself in the 20th century, maintaining its serene composure amid the tumultuous waves of European history. This tiny enclave, nestled in Italy’s embrace, stood firm against the forces that reshaped much of the continent.

During World War II, it remained a haven of neutrality while battles raged around its borders.

Imbued with centuries-old traditions and governed by captains regent who are elected every six months, this most serene republic has preserved a unique balance of power. In an era when modern states grappled with changing regimes and ideologies, San Marino kept its historic governmental structure intact, evolving gracefully alongside the social and political trends of its Italian counterpart without sacrificing the cultural essence that distinguishes Sammarinese identity.

Here lies a bastion where modernity interweaves with time-honored customs to create an enduring legacy proudly carried into new millennia.

San Marino Government

Nestled within rolling hills and timeless landscapes, the governance of San Marino is a tapestry woven from a rich historical fabric, where ancient traditions harmonize with modern statesmanship.

This enclave of liberty and democracy enshrines its own unique system, guided by the Consiglio Grande e Generale—a beacon of sovereignty that has elegantly overseen the destiny of this Most Serene Republic through centuries.

Administrative division

San Marino’s refined political structure mirrors its storied past, with the administrative division elegantly carved into nine castelli, each offering a glimpse into the republic’s soul. Governed by the enduring San Marino constitution, these municipalities are steeped in historical significance and cultural importance.


The Sammarinese Armed Forces, while modest in size, stand as a symbol of the enduring independence and sovereignty of this microstate. Dressed impeccably in uniforms that reflect centuries-old military traditions, the Guards of the Rock—known locally as Guardie di Rocca—are not just soldiers but also one of San Marino’s most distinctive emblems, combining elegance with duty.

These ceremonial sentinels uphold a legacy steeped in history, their presence at official events casting an aura of time-honored grandeur that complements the republic’s luxurious charm.

Integral to San Marino’s government structure is its commitment to defense despite being one of the world’s smallest countries. The Gendarmerie—the national police force—ensures internal security with sophistication befitting Sammarinese culture; meanwhile, the overall military operation exudes an air of exclusivity alignment with contemporary values on peace and diplomacy.

Here lies a narrative where luxury intersects with military prowess —a juxtaposition unique to this tranquil enclave which captivates those who appreciate both safety and splendor.

Economy of San Marino

In the serene embrace of San Marino, a fiscal paradigm emerges—where prosperity is crafted not through exorbitant levies but by the gentle artistry of tactful taxation and flourishing tourism.

Here lies an economy that whispers tales of affluence amidst historic walls, inviting discerning minds to discover a wealth grounded in legacy and sustained innovation.


San Marino’s taxation system takes a note from its elegant simplicity, with structures that captivate discerning investors and residents alike. With progressive tax rates that are considerate of personal income, the allure of fiscal responsibility meets luxury in this serene republic.

The savvy know to look towards San Marino not merely for its rich cultural tapestry but also for the enticing financial advantages it presents.

The nation’s low corporate taxes cast a warm glow on foreign investments, much like sunlight through the leaves of an ancient forest in the Sammarinese hillsides. For non-residents who choose to engage with this bastion of prosperity, territorial principles govern; one pays only on what is earned within its borders.

San Marino whispers a siren call to those seeking refuge from more burdensome tax regimes—here capital finds harbor, and labor breathes easier amidst economic grace notes lesser heard across neighboring lands.


The allure of San Marino’s old-world charm and carefully preserved history lures over two million visitors annually, making tourism an ornate pillar of the Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino’s economy.

With its robust contribution to the GDP, travelers seeking opulence and culture submerge into a realm where medieval architecture meets luxury. The cobblestone paths whisper tales from centuries past while inviting modern explorers to partake in a legacy steeped in grandeur.

Visitors are captivated by awe-inspiring vistas that sprawl across lush Italian landscapes, witnessed from towering fortresses that have safeguarded this noble enclave for ages. Sammarinese hospitality offers more than just stunning scenery; it provides an intimate glimpse into a proud heritage, echoing with stories of Cesare Borgia and Giuseppe Garibaldi.

Here, each historical site serves as the backdrop for unforgettable moments that marry majestic views with cultural depth—creating an indulgent escape far removed from contemporary rushes and resonating with timeless sophistication.

Demographics of San Marino

In the heart of Europe, San Marino breathes an air of exclusivity with its intimate population, a mosaic where each Sammarinese weaves their narrative into the rich tapestry of this microstate’s identity.

The serene streets hum softly with Italian eloquence, amidst which notable personalities and devout souls punctuate the demographic canvas with vibrant splashes of culture and faith.


San Marino’s intimate population of approximately 33,000 sophisticated souls is a tapestry of culture and tradition. Within its borders resides a cosmopolitan society where nearly two-thirds live in urban splendor across its three major cities and town, enjoying the refined experiences that come with such an exclusive community.

Foreign residents, predominantly Italian by nationality, add a flavor of international flair to the mix, totaling about 4,800 individuals who have chosen this enclave for their abode.

Life here moves at a graceful pace, reflected in the median age of 45.2 years—an indicator of maturity and stability within this serene republic. The gentle growth rate paints a portrait of measured expansion; every new resident joins what can be described as an extended family more than just a population—a community steeped in sophistication and sustained by strong social structures supported by nearly half being working-age dependents.

Every person contributes to the luxurious fabric that makes San Marino not only an exceptional place to live but also to visit and experience.

Notable people

San Marino, a tapestry of cultural richness, has birthed individuals who have etched their names into the annals of history and culture. Among the Sammarinese are luminaries in art, science, religion, and sport who provide insight into the profound heritage of this majestic land.


Religion in San Marino is deeply woven into the very fabric of its society, with Catholicism reigning as the spiritual heart for over 97% of its residents. This predominant faith shapes many of the nation’s grandest celebrations and infuses daily life with an air of reverence befitting this enclave surrounded by Italian vistas.

The country’s currency, a city steeped in tradition and sanctity, hosts magnificent cathedrals and historic churches that stand as landmarks to an enduring religious heritage.

Beyond a resplendent Catholic majority, San Marino opens its arms to a tapestry of beliefs including Jehovah’s Witnesses, Muslims, Jews, Baha’is, and Orthodox Christians—a testament to the enclave’s commitment to harmony in diversity.

Echoes from ancient diocesan chapters blend with modern freedoms allowing various religions to flourish within these walls; enriching the cultural mosaic that makes up this serene republic.

Sacred spaces across San Marino invite not just worship but also admiration from those captivated by their architectural splendor—a reflection of how deep spirituality intertwines with exquisite aesthetics here.

Transport in San Marino

Embark on an enchanting journey through the ancient streets of San Marino, where transport extends beyond mere movement to become a sweeping dance with history itself. Here, serpentine roads unfurl like ribbons under the tireless watch of stone guardians, and the aerial cable car whispers tales of old as it ascends towards cloud-kissed fortresses—a testament to a nation that moves gracefully between past splendor and modern allure.


Gracefully meandering through the heart of San Marino, the SS72 is more than just a thoroughfare; it is an artery pulsating with the lifeblood of this serene republic. Each curve and contour reveals a landscape steeped in history, where modernity coexists with ancient charm.

The journey across this main road connects vital communes such as Borgo Maggiore and Serravalle—a testament to an infrastructure that caters seamlessly to both sammarinesi residents and discerning visitors alike.

As Italian-based vehicles glide effortlessly along its path, drivers can revel in sights previously reserved for painted canvases. The San Marino Highway serves not merely as a route from one locale to another but stands as a cohesive link binding the rich tapestry of this landlocked sovereign state.

Here, travel becomes an elegant dance between destination and discovery, ensuring every passage through the san marino area’s rolling hills leaves indelible marks on the soul of travellers seeking cultural enrichment wrapped in luxurious mobility.

Buses and coaches

Seamlessly complementing the roadways, buses and coaches offer a sophisticated connection between the enchanting Republic of San Marino and the vibrant Italian city of Rimini. Esteemed travelers relish in the comfort provided by coach companies Bonelli and Benedettini, an embodiment of elegance on wheels as they traverse this scenic route.

The local bus network within San Marino itself presents a seamless tapestry for exploration, allowing passengers to immerse themselves in the nation’s rich tapestry with ease and grace.

Visitors seeking to weave their own narratives into the Sammarinese fabric find solace in these journeys. The international bus service not only links physical destinations but also bridges cultural experiences, fostering a deeper understanding of this serene republic’s allure.

Travel affords luxury not just through lavish settings but through connections made – from Italy to San Marino, every trip promises an unwritten story awaiting discovery aboard these chariots of refined travel.

Aerial cable car system

San Marino’s aerial cable car system presents an experience teeming with elegance and grandeur, capturing the essence of sophistication as it gracefully transports visitors between Borgo Maggiore and the historical heart of this serene republic.

The journey offers a two-minute flight across breathtaking panoramas, providing passengers with a peerless view that spans over 200 km of the sparkling Adriatic coast.

Heralded for its ability to accommodate large groups without sacrificing comfort, this mode of transport is not just functional but also a testament to San Marinese innovation in preserving their cultural heritage while embracing modernity.

As it ascends towards the ancient city, each cabin becomes an observation deck from which one can admire rolling landscapes and architectural marvels—a rarefied vantage point reserved for half a million voyagers annually.


From gliding over scenic vistas in a cable car to the allure of flight, aviation in San Marino paints its own picture of elegance against the backdrop of sky. The republic adheres to the highest safety standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), affirming its commitment to impeccable service and security.

Boasting a Category 1 Rating from the USA FAA, this accolade is a testament to San Marino’s dedication to aviation excellence since becoming an ICAO member back in 1988.

Sophisticated travelers seeking seamless air travel will find San Marino accommodating with expedient overflight and landing permits for both commercial airlines and private jets. Although direct flights for American jet-setters aren’t on offer, this hidden gem provides an opportunity for discerning adventurers to discover unparalleled luxury through connections that offer more than just travel—a journey into the serene embrace of one of Europe’s timeless treasures.


Nestled in the heart of San Marino, the railway once formed an elegant thread weaving together culture and progress. On the present day, June 13th, 1932, it embarked on its maiden journey, with a route that traced a 19 km path through San Marino’s awe-inspiring landscapes.

Luxurious carriages glided along this narrow gauge electrified line, offering passengers entrancing views as they traveled from historic Rimini to the City of San Marino.

During turbulent times in World War II, the railways’ Montale Tunnel stood as a bastion of hope—its solemn arches provided refuge for hundreds fleeing conflict. Today, though silent tracks no longer hum with passage of trains and echoes from bygone affluence have faded into memory; their legacy adorns the tapestry of San Marino’s rich historical narrative.

Culture of San Marino

In the heart of San Marino, culture unfurls like an exquisite tapestry, a blend of ancient traditions and contemporary expressions woven through the fabric of this serene republic.

Embrace the elegance as we journey through the cultural sophistication that defines The Most Serene Republic of San Marino, from its esteemed university to its vibrant festivals and rich gastronomic legacy.


Steeped in the richness of San Marinese culture, the University of the Republic of San Marino beckons scholars and intellectuals from around the globe. Established in 1985, this center for higher learning mirrors the serene beauty and timeless elegance that typify this illustrious microstate.

The university’s education system shines as a paragon of subsidiarity and autonomy, promising a bespoke academic journey tailored to each student’s aspirations. Here, future leaders delve into curricula infused with historical depth and cultural nuance, ensuring they emerge not only academically adept but culturally enriched as well.


San Marino celebrates a rich sporting tradition, enchanting enthusiasts with its blend of historical pastimes and contemporary fervor. The roar of the crowd fills stadiums as football, the nation’s most cherished sport, showcases local athleticism despite lacking widespread triumphs on the global stage.

Savored not just for competition but also for recreation, archery remains revered within these borders as the traditional national sport—a nod to its heritage as an ancient martial discipline.

Elevating precision to an art form, San Marino takes pride in its storied legacy of shooting sports, where marksmen master both pistol and rifle with a grace that echoes through time.

Residents draw inspiration from their proximal Italian neighbors infusing their own distinct flair into every game played under their sun-soaked sky. This spirited embrace of sport exemplifies a culture that values elegance and skill, inviting fans to experience moments brimming with refined excitement and proud athletic display.


San Marino’s culinary scene offers an elegant tapestry of flavors, deeply rooted in its rich soil and vibrant history. Here, the art of cooking transforms simple ingredients into luxurious feasts for both eye and palate.

Dishes such as piadina showcase a masterful balance of thin crust filled with lush greens or sumptuous cured meats, reflecting the refined tastes of Emilia-Romagna while maintaining the distinctive twist unique to this serene republic.

Feasting in this land is not merely about nourishment; it becomes a cultural immersion where every bite resonates with centuries-old traditions. Locally grown produce, freshly-made pasta, and succulent meats come together in perfect harmony on plates that are served amidst views as breathtaking as the cuisine itself.

Each meal tells a story steeped in history yet plated up for today’s discerning epicureans seeking authentic experiences that whisper luxury at every turn.

UNESCO recognition

Mount Titano stands guard over the historical center of San Marino, both proudly bearing the mark of UNESCO World Heritage status as of 2008. This coveted recognition is not merely a badge but a testament to San Marino’s unwavering commitment to preserving its medieval character and significance.

The ancient streets whisper tales from centuries past, inviting visitors into a world where history and modern elegance converge seamlessly.

The Republic boasts an exquisitely preserved heritage that has earned italy and international acclaim for safeguarding architectural gems and traditions dating back to its inception as one of the oldest republics on Earth.

Here, sophistication meets antiquity – every cobblestone path, every towering fortress echoes with stories that have shaped our civilization. UNESCO’s recognition confirms that this enclave is more than just a destination; it’s an immersive journey through time encapsulated within majestic walls.


San Marino’s classical music scene is a tapestry of rich tradition and modern innovation. The Bluesmobile and Camerata del Titano stand at the forefront, weaving centuries of musical heritage into performances that captivate discerning audiences.

Embracing both historical depths and contemporary creativity, these ensembles partner with institutions like the San Marino Centre for Music Studies to cultivate an environment where classical melodies flourish alongside avant-garde compositions.

At every corner in this elegant enclave, music serves as a reflection of San Marino’s soul—its history, its values, its very essence brought to life through rhythm and harmony.

Groups such as the San Marino Friends elevate local celebrations with their enchanting sounds, turning public holidays and festivals into unforgettable symphonies. Here, each note played is an invitation—a call to indulge in San Marino’s storied culture where every performance is not just heard but deeply felt by those who seek out unique sensory indulgences.

Public holidays and festivals

San Marino’s calendar sparkles with festivals that are both a nod to its storied past and a celebration of its vibrant present day. The Republic’s public holidays weave a tapestry of tradition and jubilation, inviting both locals and discerning visitors to partake in festivities that truly encapsulate the country’s cultural heritage.

U. S. -San Marino Relations

Embark on a diplomatic voyage as we unveil the subtle intricacies and stately bonds that unite San Marino with the United States, inviting you to discover more about this fascinating intercontinental relationship.

Current travel advisories

Heed the guidance of the US State Department before embarking on your journey to San Marino, a jewel nestled in Italy’s Emilia-Romagna region. They advise travelers to exercise increased caution amid concerns of terrorism that touch even this serene enclave steeped in history and culture.

The timeless charm of San Marino’s cobblestone streets, flanked by medieval architecture, beckons the discerning traveler; yet vigilance remains paramount, underscoring the importance of safety amidst exploration.

Luxury seekers planning their sojourn should stay apprised with current updates from official advisories. While San Marino exudes tranquility with its panoramic views and its historic centre of grandeur, it is wise for visitors to stay alert and informed.

This ensures an uninterrupted experience of indulgence in Sammarinese splendor, allowing one to partake fully in a narrative woven through centuries without unwarranted interruptions or concern.

Bilateral Economic Relations

San Marino’s economic relations with the United States might not fill headlines, but they weave a tapestry of subtle yet significant connections. Despite the lack of substantial trade or investment between the two nations, Sammarinese and American investors continue to nurture a quiet partnership.

This relationship is bolstered by key agreements on customs cooperation and taxation of savings income, demonstrating mutual interests in fostering an open border environment that respects both parties’ financial laws.

Furthering this alliance, San Marino signed a monetary pact displaying its commitment to stable economics and fostering trust within international markets. For connoisseurs of culture and luxury who appreciate not just wealth but also its artful management, these meticulous moves in bilateral relations resonate with sophistication—the same sophistication that defines their discerning tastes for exclusivity and elegance.

Integrated Country Strategies

Crafted with diplomatic finesse and strategic foresight, the Integrated Country Strategy serves as a beacon for U.S. endeavors within San Marino’s venerable borders. Led by the esteemed Chief of Mission, this four-year blueprint harmonizes American goals with the cultural tapestry and governance of this enclave of history and tradition.

The adoption of the Integrated Country Strategy marks a commitment to synergy between these two sovereign states. It mirrors similar efforts in Peru where American visions are interwoven with local aspirations to cultivate mutual prosperity and understanding.

This orchestrated approach unlocks new avenues for collaboration, enriching both nations’ legacies on the international stage while embracing their shared values and interests.


Nestled amidst the serene peaks of the Apennines, San Marino emerges as a testament to enduring legacy and luxuriant charm. Its cobblestone streets whisper tales of a past steeped in sovereignty, resonating with the footsteps of history’s silent keepers.

With its majestic towers guarding time-honored traditions, this microstate invites connoisseurs of culture to immerse themselves in an experience that bridges epochs. Here, every panoramic vista and architectural marvel beckons travelers to savor a grandeur that only San Marino can truly offer.

Embrace this enclave of elegance; let it enchant and elevate your senses beyond the ordinary.


What historic events shaped San Marino’s identity?

San Marino carries the echoes of the Italian unification movement, an era that saw it to remain independent and sovereign while surrounded by papal states. The imprint of history is evident in its diocese and its resistance to Fascist sway during tumultuous times.

How does San Marino stand out economically within Europe?

San Marino boasts a sterling GDP per capita, reflecting a prosperous economy not reliant on common European taxes like value-added tax (VAT). Its financial landscape is intricate yet robust, with unique fiscal policies and capital, setting it apart.

Can you tell me about San Marino’s government structure?

The Congress of State stands at the helm as San Marino’s governing body, orchestrating affairs between general council of great and general council with precision reflective of centuries-old traditions. This intricate system ensures a balance between historical practices and modern governance.

Does San Marino have any significant cultural contributions?

Indeed, from the harmonious chords of “Say Na Na Na” during Eurovision performances to its dignified national football team stepping onto verdant fields – Sammarinese culture thrives through expressive arts and spirited athletic pursuits.

What are some noteworthy landmarks in San Marino for visitors?

Visitors may gaze upon Urbino’s regal beauty or feel the adrenaline pulse at Imola’s Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari – each site laced with tales and triumphs like those of Ayrton Senna whose legacy resonates across the principality.

What role does cuisine play in Sammarinese life and heritage?

The cuisine of San Marino tempts palates with dishes steeped in time-honored recipes passed down through generations; every bite offers an authentic taste that celebrates both culinary craftsmanship and enduring heritage.

How has San Marino remained neutral in European conflicts throughout its history?

San Marino: smallest independent state has a long-standing tradition of neutrality in European conflicts, including during both World Wars. This neutrality is deeply rooted in the republic’s history and foreign policy, which emphasizes peaceful coexistence and diplomatic relations. San Marino government’s independence and its diplomatic approach have allowed it to remain neutral, even during tumultuous periods in European history.

Can you tell me about the significance of San Marino’s landscape in its cultural identity?

San Marino’s landscape, characterized by the rolling hills of the Apennines and the three peaks of Monte Titano, is integral to its cultural identity. The majestic beauty of the landscape not only adds to the republic’s allure but also symbolizes its resilience and independence. The three towers from atop Monte Titano, for instance, are iconic features that represent San Marino’s strength and enduring spirit.

What role do the two Captains Regent play in San Marino’s government?

In San Marino, the two Captains Regent serve as the heads of state. They are elected every six months from among the members of the Grand and General Council. This unique system reflects San Marino’s commitment to democracy and its historical roots. The grand and general council and Captains Regent are responsible for representing the state, overseeing government functions, and foreign and political affairs and ensuring the continuity of San Marino’s traditions and independence.

How does San Marino’s position as the world’s oldest republic influence its national identity?

As the world’s oldest republic, San Marino prides itself on its long history of democracy and self-governance. This prestigious title influences its national identity by emphasizing values such as liberty, resilience, and community spirit. The republic’s ancient constitution and unique political system are sources of national pride and are integral to San Marino’s distinct cultural and historical heritage.

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